Program > Papers by speaker > Pecher Pierre

Tuesday 13
C8 - Development, Institution and Growth
Chair: Thomas Baudin
› 9:25 - 9:50 (25min)
› Room 522 - S. Bernhardt
Transborder Ethnic Kin and Regional Prosperity : Evidence from Nighttime Light Intensity in Africa
Pierre Pecher  1@  , Christophe Muller  2@  
1 : Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille  (GREQAM)  -  Website
Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II, Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), CNRS : UMR7316, Aix-Marseille Université - AMU
Centre de la Charité, 2 rue de la Charité, 13236 Marseille cedex 02 -  France
2 : Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille  (GREQAM)  -  Website
Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II, Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales [EHESS], CNRS : UMR7316, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS)
Centre de la Charité, 2 rue de la Charité, 13236 Marseille cedex 02 -  France

This study investigates the consequences of cross-border ethnic linkages affecting local income in Africa. We show that political dominance affects the allocation of public good spending, measured by luminosity in an ethnic group's homeland. This is true or
domestic dominance as well as dominance by the related ethnic kins abroad, controlling for many other factors. We estimate spatial panel models that relate politico-ethnic variables to luminosity measured by satellite imaging from 1992 to 2013. After correcting for unobserved factors, we find that having more politically dominant transborder ethnic kin groups significantly increases economic activity measured by luminosity in the corresponding ethnic homeland. We find also that politically dominant ethnic groups have significantly brighter homelands than other groups. Finally, in contrast to prior evidence, we show that ethnic groups sharing power are not necessarily richer when accounting for spatial effects.



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