Monday 12
A2 - Education, development programs I
Chair: Paulo Bastos
› 11:30 - 11:55 (25min)
› Room 004 - T. Arbeau
Education Politics, Schooling Choice and Public School Quality: The Impact of Income Polarisation
Michel Lubrano  1, 2@  , Majda Benzidia  1, 2, *@  , Paolo Melindi-Ghidi  2, *@  
1 : Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille  (GREQAM)  -  Website
Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille II, Université Paul Cézanne - Aix-Marseille III, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales [EHESS], CNRS : UMR7316, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS)
Centre de la Charité, 2 rue de la Charité, 13236 Marseille cedex 02 -  France
2 : Aix-Marseille School of Economics  (AMSE)  -  Website
Ecole Centrale Marseille (ECM), Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS)
GREQAM, Centre de la Charité, 2 rue de la Charité, 13236 Marseille Cedex 02 -  France
* : Corresponding author

Do communities with the same level of inequality but a different level of income polarisation perform differently in terms of public schooling? To answer this question, we extend the theoretical voting model of schooling choice developed by de la Croix and Doepke (2009), introducing a more general income distribution characterised by a three-member mixture instead of a single uniform distribution. We show that both income inequality and income polarisation matters for explaining disparities in public education quality across communities. Using micro-data covering 724 school districts of California for 2012 and introducing a new measure of income polarisation, we find that school quality in low-income districts depends mainly on income polarisation, while in richer districts it depends mainly on income inequality.

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