Monday 12
B8 - Equity, justice and other normative criteria and measurement I
Chair: Sauro Mocetti
› 13:40 - 14:05 (25min)
› Room 103 - B. Martinu
So close yet so unequal: Reconsidering spatial inequality in U.S. cities
Francesco Andreoli  1@  , Eugenio Peluso  2@  
1 : Luxembourg Institute of Socio Economic Research  (LISER)  -  Website
Maison des Sciences Humaines 11, Porte des Sciences L-4366 Esch-sur-Alzette / Belval -  Luxembourg
2 : Department of Economics - University of Verona  -  Website
Via dell'Artigliere 8, 37129 Verona -  Italy

We study spatial inequality at the urban level by focusing on the distribution of income across individuals and their neighbors. We develop and study new Gini-type spatial inequality indices: the rst index measures the average degree of income inequality occurring within individual neighborhoods; the second index measures the inequality in average incomes observed across individual neighborhoods. We investigate connections with geostatistics and derive the asymptotic distributions of these indices. We use a rich income database from the U.S. census to establish new stylized facts about the patterns of spatial inequality in the 50 largest American cities during the last 35 years. We bring new evidence that inequality within individual neighborhoods is substantial in American cities, even in individual neighborhoods of small size, and it is generally on the rise. Data reveal that rising inequality within the neighborhood have signicant yet contrasting implications on lifelong economic and health achievements of urban residents.

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